leeys 發表於 2013-8-6 21:24:54

芬蘭課綱

http://www.minedu.fi/OPM/Koulutus/koulutusjaerjestelmae/?lang=enEducation System in Finland

Basic education in Finland

[*]Basic Education Act 628/1998 (pdf)Basic Education Decree 852/1998 (pdf)Distribution of lessons in basic education (pdf)National Core Curriculum for Basic Education
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The publication is divided into five partsPart I: Index and chapters 1–6 (pdf, 19 Mt)
1. Curriculum
2. Starting points for provision of education
3. Implementation of instruction
4. General support for studies
5. Instruction of pupils needing special support
6. Instruction of cultural and language groupsPart II: Chapters 7, 7.1–7.3 (pdf, 34 Mt)
7. Learning objectives and core contents of education
7.1 Integration and cross-curricular themes
7.2 Studies in mother tongues and the second national language
7.3 Mother tongue and literaturePart III: Chapters 7.4–7.9 (pdf, 25 Mt)
7.4 Second national language
7.5 Foreign languages
7.6 Mathematics
7.7 Environmental and natural sciences
7.8 Biology and geography
7.9 Physics and chemistryPart IV: Chapters 7.10–7.21 (pdf, 16 Mt)
7.10 Health education
7.11 Religion
7.12 Ethics
7.13 History
7.14 Social studies
7.15 Music
7.16 Visual arts
7.17 Crafts
7.18 Physical education
7.19 Home economics
7.20 Optional subjects
7.21 Educational and vocational guidancePart V: Chapters 8–9 and Appendix (pdf, 18 Mt)
8. Pupil assessment
9. Instruction in accordance with a special educational task or special pedagogical system or principle
Appendix 1–5
National core curriculum for instruction preparatory to basic education
National core curriculum for voluntary additional basic education Amendments and additionsAmendments and additions to the National Core Curriculum for Basic Education (pdf), valid from 1.1.2011




National Core Curriculum for Upper Secondary Schools 2003
The National Core Curriculum for General Upper Secondary Education Intended for Young People specifies the objectives and core contents of cross-curricular themes, subjects, and subject groups in General Upper Secondary Education as referred to in the General Upper Secondary Schools Act.The National Core Curriculum also specifies the central principles of student welfare services and school-home cooperation, as well as the objectives of student welfare services as part of the educational system. The National Core Curriculum for General Upper Secondary Education constitutes a regulation, on the basis of which the provider of General Upper Secondary Education will take decisions respecting curriculum.National Core Curriculum for General Upper Secondary Education Intended for Young People (pdf)
National Qualification Requirements for Vocational Education and Training
National qualification requirements are drawn up by the Finnish National Board of Education in co-operation with employers' organisations, trade unions, the Trade Union of Education and student unions. They are dealt with by National Education and Training Committees, which are tripartite bodies established for each occupational field by the Ministry of Education for a term of three years at a time to plan and develop vocational education and training. Local tripartite bodies as well as other representatives of working life take part in the curriculum work as advisers and consultants. Local curricula are approved by the boards of education providers.National qualification requirements constitute a legal norm for educational institutions. Their purpose is to reflect the objectives of education policy, to determine the requirements for nationally uniform vocational competence and the capabilities for learning to learn and functioning as a citizen. In addition, qualification requirements must also function as the basis for the evaluation of national learning outcomes. Qualification requirements for upper secondary vocational qualifications and requirements for competence-based qualifications are common to education and training for young and adult students. The scope of the qualifications is 120 credits (40 credits per year and 1 credit is equivalent to 40 hours of study).The Finnish National Board of Education has revised all national requirements of vocational qualifications which have been taken into use in August 2010. There are 52 upper secondary vocational qualifications including a total of 120 different study programmes. The revision includes the structure of the requirements, the organisation of studies, the requirements of skills as well as the targets and criteria of assessment. The revised requirements stress, for example, that students should acquire skills which can be utilised in different fields and transferred from profession to profession; skills should serve labour market needs but also promote lifelong learning; and study modules should be flexible and there should be a possibility for various combinations. The revision takes immigrants and students with disabilities into account, and is relevant for adults as it revises also competence-based qualifications.The Finnish National Board of Education has had most of the National Qualification Requirements for Vocational Education and Training translated into English. You can find the translations below.CultureVocational Qualification in Audio-Visual Communication 2010 (pdf), Amendments 2012 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Crafts and Design, Artisan 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Music 2010 (pdf)Humanities and EducationVocational Qualification in Child Care and Education and Family Welfare, Children's Instructor 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Sign Language Instruction 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Youth and Leisure Instruction 2009 (pdf)Natural Resources and the EnvironmentVocational Qualification in Agriculture 2009 (pdf)
Vocatonal Qualification in Fishery 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Forestry 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Horse Care and Management 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Horticulture 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Natural and Environmental Protection 2009 (pdf)Natural SciencesVocational Qualification in Information and Communications Technology 2010 (pdf)Social Sciences, Business and AdministrationFurther Qualification in Estate Agency Services 2011 (pdf)
Specialist Qualification in Management 2011 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Business and Administration 2009 (pdf)Social Services, Health and SportVocational Qualification in Beauty Care 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Dental Technology, Dental Laboratory Assistant 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Hairdressing, Hairdresser 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Pharmaceutics 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Social and Health Care, Practical Nurse 2010 (pdf), Amendments 2011 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Sports, Sports Assistant 2010 (pdf)Technology, Communication and TransportVocational Qualification in Aircraft Maintenance 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Building Maintenance Technology 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Construction 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Electrical Engineering and Automation Technology 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Food Production 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Information and Telecommunications Technology 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Laboratory Technology, Laboratory Technologist 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Land Surveying 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Logistics 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Metalwork and Machinery 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Mining 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Property Maintenance Services 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Publishing and Printing 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Seafaring 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Technical Design 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Textiles and Clothing 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Upholstery and Interior Design 2009 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Vehicle Technology 2009 (pdf)Tourism, Catering and Domestic ServicesVocational Qualification in Hotel, Restaurant and Catering Services 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in Household and Cleaning Services 2010 (pdf)
Vocational Qualification in the Tourism Industry 2009 (pdf)
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